The Uptycs threat research team is monitoring ongoing targeted attacks and trends. We’ve recently seen threat actors and APT groups frequently using two document-based techniques: template injection and the Equation Editor exploit. In this piece, we’ll cover these oft-used techniques and provide details on the APT groups applying them.
Recently a heap-based buffer overflow vulnerability was discovered in the sudo utility by Qualys. Sudo is a command-line utility that allows a user to run commands in the context of other users with proper authentication. The vulnerability lets any user escalate the privileges to the root user. Qualys has shared technical details in their blog post, so in this post I’ll focus on how osquery and Uptycs can be used to detect the exploit and unpatched systems
The Uptycs threat research team recently came across multiple document samples that download Revenge RAT. The campaign currently seems to be active in Brazil. All of the malware samples we received have the same properties. One of the samples we received has the name “Rooming List Reservas para 3 Familias.docx” (SHA-256: 91611ac2268d9bf7b7cb2e71976c630f6b4bfdbb68774420bf01fd1493ed28c7). The document has only a few detections in VirusTotal.
Despite the fact that Linux server endpoints comprise 90% of cloud workloads and a majority of on-premises enterprise workloads, they don’t usually get as much attention as productivity endpoints. Most EDR solutions focus on end users and don’t meet the unique requirements for production Linux servers, such as the need for 100% uptime and low resource consumption.